In this final post we will look at one additional treatment effect estimator — the so-called doubly-robust weighting estimator...

Read More# Causal Inference in Python

*Causal Inference in Python*, or *Causalinference* in short, is a software package that implements various statistical and econometric methods used in the field variously known as Causal Inference, Program Evaluation, or Treatment Effect Analysis.

Through a series of blog posts on this page, I will illustrate the use of *Causalinference*, as well as provide high-level summaries of the underlying econometric theory with the non-specialist audience in mind. Source code for the package can be found at its GitHub page, and detailed documentation is available at causalinferenceinpython.org.

# Trimming

When there is indication of covariate imbalance, we may wish to construct a sample where the treatment and control groups are more similar than the original full sample. One way of doing so is by dropping units with extreme values of propensity scores...

Read More# Propensity Score

The probability of receiving treatment, also known as the propensity score, plays a very special role in the estimation of treatment effects. In this post we will consider how to estimate the propensity score...

Read More# Matching

One way to overcome the problem of excessive extrapolation of least squares involves directly executing on the unconfoundedness assumption and nonparametrically matching subjects with similar covariate values together. As we shall see, least squares still plays an important role under this approach, but its scope is restricted to being a local one...

Read More# Least Squares

One of the simplest treatment effect estimators is the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimator. Below we illustrate several common specifications that can be computed by *Causalinference*, and describe why least squares can behave poorly when there is not enough covariate overlap...

# Balance

Continuing with the simulated data set from the previous post, in this post we will look at some basic summary statistics, as well as assess the degree of covariate balance between the treatment and control groups...

Read More# Example

To better illustrate some of the methods to be introduced presently, in this post we consider a simulated data set that exhibits a certain level of nonlinearity and covariate imbalance. In particular, consider the data generating process described below...

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